Canterbury foothills forests

Beech/tawhai is the most common native forest in the Canterbury foothills. Black beech/tawhairauriki (Nothofagus solandri) dominates the lower slopes, while mountain beech/tawhairauriki (Nothofagus solandri var cliffortioides) is more prevalent at higher altitudes and on the more exposed harsh sites. Red beech/tawhairaunui (Nothofagus fusca) is also present, but is uncommon and found only in the Mt Grey area.

Podocarp species, such as kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydiodes), mataï (Prumnopitys taxifolia), and rimu (Dacrydium cupressinum) are also present on the poorly drained lower slopes and moist gullies where they mix with beech. The understorey is diverse, and consists of a wide range of shrubs, herbaceous plants and fern species. The more common shrubs include species of Coprosma/karamū, lancewood/horoeka, broadleaf/kāpuka (Griselinia littoralis), putaputāwëtā (Carpodetus serratus), wineberry/makomako (Aristotelia serrata), and other Pseudopanax species.

Regenerating forest is also a feature of the Canterbury foothills flora and is represented by broadleaf, kōwhai (Sophora microphylla), small-leaved Coprosma species, mountain wineberry (Aristotelia fruticosa), mānuka (Leptospermum scoparium), and kānuka (Kunzea ericoides).

Southern rata (Metrosideros umbellata) is found sporadically, growing on bluffs and rock outcrops, especially in the Alford Forest.

Source: Native plants of Canterbury foothills forests : DOC

Trees/Shrubs Grasses/Flaxes
 Aristotelia serrata, makomako, wineberry  Astelia fragrans, kakaha, bush lily
 Carmichaelia torulosa (R)  Carex buchananii, matirewa, cutty grass
 Carpodetus serratus, putaputäwëtä, marble leaf   Carex dispacea
 Clematis paniculata  Carex tenuiculmis (R)
 Coprosma 'Taylorii'  Phormium cookianum, wharariki, mountain flax
 Coprosma linariifolia  Uncinia rubra
 Coprosma lucida  Zotovia avenacea
 Coprosma propinqua, mingimingi  
 Coprosma rhamnoides   
 Coprosma robusta, karamü  
 Coprosma rotundifolia  
 Coprosma virescens  
 Cordyline australis, ti köuka, cabbage tree  
 Dacrydium cupressium, rimu  
 Elaeocarpus hookerianus, pökäkä   
 Griselinia littoralis, päpäuma, broadleaf  
 Hebe salicifolia, koromiko  
 Hebe traversii  
 Hoheria lyallii houhi, mountain ribbonwood  
 Hoheria angustifolia, narrow-leaved lacebark **  
 Hoheria lyallii  
 Melicope simplex, poataniwha   
 Melicytus flexuosus   
 Metrosideros umbellata, southern rätä, ironwood   
 Myrsine australis, matipou, mäpou  
 Myrsine divaricata, weeping mäpou  
 Nothofagus fusca, tawhairaunui, red beech  
 Nothofagus solandri, tawhairauriki, black beech  
 Nothofagus solandri var cliffortioides, tawhairauriki, mountain beech  
 Olearia avicenniaefolia, mountain akeake  
 Pittosporum eugenioides, tarata, lemonwood  
 Pittosporum tenuifolium, köhühu, black matipo  
 Plagianthus regius, mänatu, ribbonwood  
 Podocarpus hallii, mountain tötara  
 Prumnopitys ferruginea, miro  
 Prumnopitys taxifolia, mataï, black pine  
 Pseudopanax arboreus, whauwhaupaku, five finger  
 Pseudopanax colensoi, orihou, mountain five finger  
 Pseudopanax crassifolius, horoeka, lancewood  
 Raukaua anomalus  
 Sophora microphylla, köwhai  

PLANT NAME (T = threatened, R = rare)