River Terraces, Foothills and Inland Basins

Drylands are areas of naturally low rainfall. They typically are made of shrublands and fescue tussock grasslands. They are precious habitats that cover 19% of New Zealand's land area. Drylands contain about half of New Zealand's most threatened plant species. There is a very high diversity of native herbs, sub-shrubs and grasses.

The animals in drylands are mostly lizards and invertebrates but also important habitats for birds. Drylands have important biodiversity, natural, physical, cultural and recreational values. Drylands might be used for carbon sequestration (carbon capture and storage), as well as soil and water conservation.

Previously drylands were used for pasture but more recently for cropping, viticulture, horticulture, dairying, forestry, and lifestyle blocks. There has been an extensive loss of dryland ecosystems to agricultural development. As a result, drylands are New Zealand’s least protected and most threatened ecosystems.

 

 

  • Aceana anserinifolia
  • Aciphylla aurea
  • Aciphylla subflabellata
  • Anemanthele lessoniana
  • Aristotelia fruticosa
  • Aristotelia serrata
  • Astelia fragrans
  • Austroderia richardii
  • Brachyglottis monroi
  • Brachyscome pinnata
  • Carex buchananii
  • Carex comans
  • Carex flagellifera
  • Carex lessoniana
  • Carex secta
  • Carex solandri
  • Carex testacea
  • Carex uncinata
  • Carex virgata
  • Carmichaelia australis
  • Carmichaelia corrugata
  • Carmichaelia kirkii
  • Carpodetus serratus
  • Clematis afoliata
  • Clematis foetidissima
  • Clematis marata 
  • Clematis paniculata
  • Coprosma acerosa
  • Coprosma areolata
  • Coprosma brunnea
  • Coprosma crassifolia
  • Coprosma intertexta
  • Coprosma linariifolia
  • Coprosma lucida
  • Coprosma obconica
  • Coprosma pedicellata
  • Coprosma propinqua
  • Coprosma rhamnoides
  • Coprosma rigida
  • Coprosma robusta
  • Coprosma rotundifolia
  • Coprosma rubra
  • Coprosma rugosa
  • Coprosma virescens
  • Coprosma wallii
  • Cordyline australis
  • Coriaria sarmentosa
  • Corokia cotoneaster
  • Cyathodes juniperina
  • Cyperus ustulatus
  • Dacrycarpus dacrydioides
  • Dianella nigra
  • Dichelacne crinita
  • Discaria toumatou
  • Elaeocarpus hookerianus
  • Eleocharis acuta
  • Festuca novae-zelandiae
  • Ficina nodosa
  • Fuchsia excorticata
  • Fuchsia perscandens
  • Fuscospora cliffortioides
  • Fuscospora fusca
  • Fuscospora solandri
  • Griselinia littoralis
  • Halocarpus bidwillii
  • Haloragis erecta
  • Helichrysum bellidioides
  • Helichrysum lanceolatum
  • Hoheria angustifolia
  • Hypericum gramineum
  • Juncus australis
  • Juncus gregiflorus
  • Juncus pallidus
  • Juncus sarophorus
  • Kunzea ericoides
  • Kunzea robusta
  • Kunzea serotina
  • Leptinella dioica
  • Leptinella filiformis
  • Leptinella squalida
  • Leptospermum scoparium
  • Leucopogon fasciculatus
  • Leucopogon fraserii
  • Libertia ixioides
  • Libertia peregrinans
  • Linum monogynum
  • Lophomyrtus obcordata
  • Luzula rufus
  • Machaerina rubiginosa
  • Melicope simplex
  • Melicytus alpinus
  • Melicytus crassifolius
  • Melicytus ramiflorus
  • Metrosideros umbellata
  • Muehlenbeckia astonii
  • Muehlenbeckia axillaris
  • Muehlenbeckia complexa
  • Muehlenbeckia ephedroides
  • Myoporum laetum
  • Myrsine australis
  • Myrsine divaricata
  • Nothofagus solandrii
  • Notospartium torolosum
  • Olearia adenocarpa
  • Olearia avicenniifolia
  • Olearia fragrantissima
  • Olearia lineata
  • Olearia paniculata
  • Ozothamnus leptophyllus
  • Ozothamus leptophyllus
  • Parsonsia capsularis
  • Parsonsia heterophylla
  • Pennantia corumbosa
  • Pennantia corymbosa
  • Phormium cookianum
  • Phormium tenax
  • Pimelea prostrata
  • Pittopsorum tenuifolium
  • Pittosporum divaricatum
  • Pittosporum eugenioides
  • Pittosporum obcordatum
  • Pittosporum tenuifolium
  • Poa cita
  • Poa cita 
  • Poa imbecilla
  • Podocarpus nivalis
  • Podocarpus totara
  • Polystichum richardii
  • Pomaderris amoena
  • Pomaderris phylicifolia
  • Prumnopitys taxifolia
  • Psedopanax crassifoilius
  • Pseudopanax arboreus
  • Pseudopanax crassifolius
  • Pseudopanax ferox
  • Ranunculs relexus
  • Raoulia hookeri
  • Raukaua anomalus
  • Rorippa palustris
  •  
Trees/Shrubs Grasses/Flaxes
 Acaena novae-zelandiae  Apodasmia similis, oioi, jointed wire rush
 Rubus schmidelioides  
 Rubus squarrosus  
 Scleranthus uniflorus  
 Solanum laciniatum  
 Sophora microphylla   
 Sophora prostrata  
 Streblus heterophyllus  
 Teucridium parvifolium  
 Veronica odora  
 Veronica salicifolia  
 Veronica traversii