Canterbury coastal forests

Very little of our original native coastal vegetation has survived. Farming and urban settlement have destroyed the coastal natural communities, and exotic species such as marram grass, lupins and pine trees have replaced the natural vegetation of p─źngao, flax and ngaio.

The native species once colonised dry and unstable soils and sand dunes, where they provided shelter against strong, salt-laden winds, and habitat for the native wildlife.

 

 

 

Source: Native plants natural to coastal areas : DOC

Trees/Shrubs Grasses/Flaxes
 Carmichaelia australis  Astelia fragrans
 Coprosma crassifolia, thick-leaved coprosma  Austroderia richardii, toetoe
 Coprosma propinqua, mingmingi  Phormium tenax, harakeke, New Zealand flax
 Coprosma rhamnoides  
 Coprosma robusta, karamu  
 Cordyline australis, cabbage tree  
 Corokia cotoneaster, korokio  
 Dacrycarpus dacrydioides, kahikatea, white pine  
 Discaria toumatou, matagouri  
 Dodonaea viscosa, akeake  
 Griselinia littoralis, broadleaf  
 Hebe salicifolia, koromiko  
 Kunzea ericoides, kanuka  
 Leptospermum scoparium, manuka, tea tree  
 Macropiper excelsum, kawakawa   
 Melicytus ramiflorus  
 Myoporum laetum, ngaio   
 Myrsine australis, red matipo  
 Olearia paniculata, akiraho, golden akeake  
 Pittosporum eugenioides, lemonwood  
 Pittosporum tenuifolium, black matipo, kohuhu  
 Plagianthus regius, manatu, lowland ribbonwood  
 Pseudopanax arboreus, five finger  
 Solanum laciniatum, poroporo  
 Sophora prostrata, dwarf kowhai  

PLANT NAME (T = threatened, R = rare)